About 167 civilians had been killed in the US-led air strikes in different areas of Syria. The area, held by the Islamic State of Syria and the Levant, has been heavily assaulted by US air forces.

About 56 civilians including 11 children were killed in air strikes on Tokhar in the northern city of Manbij.

Coalition strikes had also killed 10 more civilians including four children.

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights in the United Kingdom said the total number of civilians killed by coalition strikes in Manbij is now at 167 with 44 children including.

Manbij is the large tract of land along Syria’s Northern Border with Turkey. The area is currently locked down by the Islamic State. It is a crucial supply point between Raqqa and Turkey. Now the US-backed Kurdish and Arab militias have entered the city and are defending it.

The National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces confirmed that the attack in Manbij had killed 95 people and a great number of civilians had been buried beneath rubble.

“The bombing of al-Tukhar may have resulted in the largest loss of civilian life by coalition operations in Syria. There must be a prompt, independent and transparent investigation to determine what happened, who was responsible, and how to avoid further needless loss of civilian life,” said Magdalena Mughrabi, interim deputy director of the Middle East and North Africa Program at Amnesty International.

“Anyone responsible for violations of international humanitarian law must be brought to justice and victims and their families should receive full reparation.”

British Prime Minister David Cameron and French Prime Minister Francois Hollande concluded that the UK will not relieve its British border controls in Calais despite the Brexit vote. Both ministers said they had a “mutual commitment” to keep it in place.

According to a representative:

“They agreed to continue working closely together to protect our shared border in Calais – and to maintain the so-called juxtaposed controls”.

The 2003 Le Touquet Agreement secures the controls. UK passport officials would screen individuals in the French town before they board trains and ferries. According to British border officials, the Calais camp is a way to stop migrants from illegally crossing the Channel.

The Remain Campaign had once endorsed the UK could possibly have Calais camp controls lifted on event of a Brexit vote, though this has not come to pass. He said the ‘Jungle’ refugee camps could return to Kent after an EU exit.

Tory backbencher Nigel Mills last night told the Sun: “We always knew there was no reason for either side to want to change this agreement.

“And I think it just highlights how some of the nonsense spoken by the Remain camp is now falling away.”

Several markets in Asia benefit highly from the unchanged interest rates of the US Federal Reserve.

The Australian S&P/AS 200 index had opened up by 0.5% and continued to rise in morning trade, up 0.73% to 5,184.5 points.

And in New Zealand, the benchmark S&P/NZX 50 index spent much of its morning session in positive territory.

The index was later up 0.35% to 6,893.58 points.

Investors there were also given a boost by positive economic growth numbers.

New Zealand posted faster-than-expected growth in the first quarter, up 2.8% from a year earlier.

Stocks in South Korea opened in positive territory but lost some ground later, with the benchmark Kospi index down 0.28% to 1,963.27.

The UK’s impending Brexit vote is what made the US Federal Reserve hold the interest rates for the meantime. According to Chair Janet Yellen, the decision on June 23 by Britons will have economic and financial consequences in the global financial markets.

Despite the hold on interests, it had detrimental effect in Japan and China.

China’s stocks are still in negative territory in early trade. Investors in Japan were waiting news from the Bank of Japan’s meeting, which finishes later. The benchmark Nikkei 225 index was down 1% to 15,756.53 in mid morning trade.

In China, Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index was down 1.18% to 20,226.42, while the Shanghai Composite was down 0.34% to 2,877.29.

South Africa’s apartheid recovery is not yet complete until the lands owned by white and foreign individuals and enterprises are returned to the public’s hands.


South African President Jacob Zuma is to sign the bill into a law that would allow the government to expropriate land in the interest of the public. This would mean retrieving the land from white people and return them to native Africans as a sign of balance and democracy.

The governing nationalist coalition swore the bill will tackle all injustices and prevent apartheid-related inequality and imbalances for native Africans.

The bill has been an emotional issue for South Africa in the last 22 years after the banishing of the apartheid system in Africa.

The bill will allow a government adjudicator to pay the land owner a value it determines fit for the land. Then the land would be held by the government until a native African can purchase the land for development.

“The passing of the bill by parliament is historic and heralds a new era of intensified land distribution programme to bring long-awaited justice to the dispossessed majority of South Africans,” the ANC (African National Congress) said in a statement.

About 10% of land in white ownership has been transferred to black owners since the end of apartheid, which is only a third of the ANC’s target.

Venezuelans face hunger and extreme looting after Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro declared Venezuela is in a state of emergency for 60 days. Maduro said a threat to external security exists and his administration must deal with the threat as soon as possible.

Citizens have become restless. Many are waiting in line for food in relief centres. Meanwhile, looting and social tensions have increased in the city of Guarenas.

According to citizens, some have resorted to eating domesticated animals including dogs, cats and pigeons to resolve local food shortages.

A citizen said most people have no food. Power is cut to only four hours a day and crime is soaring in the country.

Most citizens said Maduro would not take responsibility for the trouble. They said “something has to give.”

Venezuela’s economy is suffering from low oil prices. Combined with limitations to dollar purchases, the country’s import-dependent economy is seeing a shortage on food and medicine. Cases of cancer, HIV, diabetes and hypertension are increasing nationwide.

“Shortages are just going to get worse in the coming weeks and months, and the government’s bet that they can keep the protests and looting … small-scale seems risky,” said David Smilde, a senior fellow at the Washington Office on Latin America. “Venezuelans are not used to hunger and do not have a lot of respect for Maduro as their leader.”

According to Maduro:

“They don’t want a referendum, they want a coup,” Maduro said this week during meeting with foreign journalists. “We have no obligations to hold any type of referendum in this country.”

With the Syrian Regime and Rebels again at each other’s throats, peace talks in Syria remain deadlocked. The Syrian ceasefire and peace talks revolve around Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s position in Syria and his involvement in the future parliament.

Syrian analysts believe that negotiations had fallen apart as the ceasefire between rebels and the Syrian regime had proven non-existent.

US Secretary of State John Kerry said he is in Geneva “intensely” working on another ceasefire for both parties.

Due to the resume of Syrian conflict, the Islamic State and other terrorist groups could inflate the situation further.

According to US Defence Secretary Ash Carter, Syrian peace is still a long way off.

“Our strategy … is that Assad leaves, the structures of the government remain in place — but without Assad — and that the moderate opposition becomes part of the government and there is a government that can give the Syrian people what they deserve, which is a country that runs and a country that’s moderate and a country that treats its people decently,” Carter told the Senate Armed Services Committee.

“We’re a long way from that now, but that’s the vision for Syria,” he continued.

An immense social media and communications entity, Facebook has dominated much of the Western market and even Asia.

Line Corporation, however, warns the giant that “Asia is ours”.


Line Corporation, a Japan-based app company, is using a different strategy despite providing a similar product.

The corporation had used cute bunnies and bears in Japan. In Indonesia, they have used it as a classmate-connecting service based on alumni-based networks, which the company found strong.

According to Line CEO Takeshi Idezawa, the app and their endeavour would be “meaningless unless we have the top share.”

“With regard to services in Asia, I can say that we are at the forefront.”

Idezawa’s company would be battling rival services from WhatsApp, China’s WeChat and Facebook’s gigantic Messenger.

According to App Annie Ltd. Research Head Danielle Levitas, their analytics show that Line is arguably in the best position in Asia.

She said messengers thrive effectively with the plethora of stickers, emojis and other stuff you can do in messenger.

Line’s stickers have gained fame worldwide. Moon, Cony, Brown and other characters now have dolls, stationeries. Life-sized versions of the characters are used as promotional material.

However, it would face stiff competition against WeChat, especially as Line is banned in Japan. The company plans to open three shops in the country despite the ban.

The revelation through the ‘Panama Papers’ exposed the shocking and vile activities of the global shadow finance community. Press and observers believe it would implicate several political figures in the world.

The first casualty is possible Iceland’s Prime Minister Sigmundur David Gunnlaugsson.

The centre-right Prime Minister had asked to dissolve parliament and called for early elections on Tuesday.

Iceland’s five-year president Olafur Ragnar Grimsson had denied the request and opted that leaders of other political parties guarantee a solution that was in the national interest.

About 320,000, the total of Iceland’s population, were completely shocked by the Prime Minister’s crimes including the ownership of an offshore company controlled by his wife.

About 22,000 of Iceland’s populace had come out in protest in Rekjavik’s streets on Monday. This is one of the historically-largest protests seen in Iceland.

Gunnlagsson said in social media that he is willing to break up parliament and call for early elections. He also insisted he and his wife had not done anything illegal. He iterated his accomplishments for Iceland.

According to observers in Iceland, Prime Minister Gunnlagsson is unlikely to survive his political career with the scandal.

Doctors, midwives and parents are to receive new guidance to reduce the rates of stillbirths in England. The new “care bundle” will allow parents to have access to new and better maternity services. The new services aim to reduce stillbirths by 2030.

Smoking, restricted baby movement, lack of knowledge for foetal care during labour and reducing alcohol consumption would be the focus of the new care program.

NHS England will roll out the new recommendations as an example of the best standard of care nationwide.

About 665,000 babies in England have about 2 per cent stillborn upon delivery. With a ratio of one to 200, England intends to improve its health services for labour.

NHS England Chief Executive Simon Stevens said:

“NHS maternity care is now the safest it’s ever been, and most mums say they’re cared for brilliantly… but we could cut stillbirths if all pregnant mums were encouraged to quit smoking, if proper monitoring takes place during pregnancy, and if maternity providers listen carefully when pregnant women report worries about their baby’s movements.”

An information and advice leaflet about reduced foetal movement will now be given to women by week 24 of their pregnancy.

Whilst charities have welcomed the announcement, many believe more still needs to be done.

Elizabeth Hutton, the chief executive of Kicks Count, said: “We could be getting the message out even further. We could do more monitoring of mums during pregnancy, there’s all sorts of research that can be done.”

Upon the event of a Brexit, Calais refugees can move into Britain illegally, warns French President Francois Hollande. Hollande said that without an EU involvement, the UK will have to contain the refugees intending to enter the country through their own capabilities.

Hollande warned there will be “consequences” if the UK pulls out of the EU. At the conclusion of the Franco-Briton Summit with British Prime Minister David Cameron:

“I don’t want to scare you, but I just want to say the truth” as he endorsed previous warnings by Number 10 about the consequences for border control.

In his strongest intervention in the EU referendum yet, the French president said: “There will be consequences in many areas: on the single market, on financial trade, on economic development between our two countries.

“Now that doesn’t mean that everything will be destroyed; I don’t want to give you a catastrophic scenario. But there will be consequences especially in terms of people as well.

“It obviously won’t put in question the historical relations between France and the UK – our friendship – but there will be consequences especially in the way we handle the situations that we just mentioned in terms of immigration.”

According to Leader of the Commons Chris Grayling, the EU is desperate for UK voters to allow Britain to stay in Europe. The “Euro Elite” according to the former Justice Secretary, is uniting with big businesses to pressure British voters.

According to French Economy Minister Emmanuel Macron, he expected the Le Tourqet Treaty to be “torn up” once the UK exits Britain.

London Mayor Boris Johnson said it was just “usual flapping and scaremongering”.

“I would say: Donnez-moi un break. There’s absolutely no reason why that treaty should be changed,” he said in south London. “It was an intergovernmental treaty; it was the Le Touquet treaty. It was signed between the British government and the French government. It’s not in the French interests to want to do that and it’s just the usual flapping and scaremongering.”