Category: Civil War

With the Syrian Regime and Rebels again at each other’s throats, peace talks in Syria remain deadlocked. The Syrian ceasefire and peace talks revolve around Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s position in Syria and his involvement in the future parliament.

Syrian analysts believe that negotiations had fallen apart as the ceasefire between rebels and the Syrian regime had proven non-existent.

US Secretary of State John Kerry said he is in Geneva “intensely” working on another ceasefire for both parties.

Due to the resume of Syrian conflict, the Islamic State and other terrorist groups could inflate the situation further.

According to US Defence Secretary Ash Carter, Syrian peace is still a long way off.

“Our strategy … is that Assad leaves, the structures of the government remain in place — but without Assad — and that the moderate opposition becomes part of the government and there is a government that can give the Syrian people what they deserve, which is a country that runs and a country that’s moderate and a country that treats its people decently,” Carter told the Senate Armed Services Committee.

“We’re a long way from that now, but that’s the vision for Syria,” he continued.

Doctors Without Borders (Medicins Sans Frontieres, MSF) said Europe’s response to the refugee crisis was “a catastrophic failure.” The opening and closing of its borders “in a dangerously capricious manner” had created stress in the passage of many people.

MSF said asylum seekers did not have legal avenues in entering Europe as human smugglers continued to have huge influence despite the continent’s open borders.

The MSF intervened in 2015 as the NGO began their search and rescue operations for lost refugees in the Mediterranean. It has helped bring back 16,113 using three boats.

According to MSF Emergency Coordinator Will Turner “As long as conflicts lead to mass displacements, which in turn overwhelm neighboring countries, people in need of safe haven will reach out to Europe.”

Many European countries had increased controls on refugees coming from Syria, Sudan and Libya. Austria, Sweden and Denmark had introduced border controls, which directly violate the Schengen agreement.

The MSF advised Europe to improve its procedures for receiving refugees, which has become cumbersome and are driving away most refugees seeking refuge.

Millions of Syrians are displaced following the continuing Syrian Civil War. Meanwhile, escalating conflicts in Africa, Sudan and Libya had increased the number of refugees seeking asylum in Europe.

Daily Trojan Writer Athanasius Georgy believes that the entire Middle East and the rest of the world had been blind to Yemen’s true state. Georgy states that Yemen is a failed state after Former President Ali Abdullah Saleh had been ousted.

Saleh was ousted during the 2011 Arab Spring as protests in different Middle Eastern countries began to oust their long-time dictators. It was believed that Yemen would turn into a democratic country.

However, Saleh’s Vice President and first Voted President Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi were seen as a corrupt government. As militant Houthis moved against the government, Iran’s Shiite ties with the Houthis ensured support for the militants.

Meanwhile, Sunni-dominated Saudi Arabia had been displeased with Iran’s actions.

Georgy does not blame the Arab Spring nor the Hadi Government for starting another conflict in the country. He said that upon Saleh’s ousting, a vacuum appeared and deeply-rooted problems as people adjusted politically into a new spectrum of ideals had re-surfaced.

With the lack of genuine leadership, Yemen’s infrastructures and systems were dilapidated. All these crumbled slowly as days passed, according to Georgy.

Yemen’s ill-adjusted people had become oppressive as extreme water and food shortages cause grave incidents in different areas. Women are still mistreated.

Georgy said that negotiations would be the only way to guarantee peace and productivity in Yemen once again.

According to the Syrian rebel group Suqour al-Sham Battalion’s leader Abu Farouk al-Shamy, an American muslim had loaded a truck with munitions and drove up the truck by a hillside in Northern Syria. His attack was in coordination with the al-Nusra Front, an al-Qaeda tied organisation.

The al-Nusra was involved in the plot following a video that circulated in the internet. The American muslim was identified as Abu Hurayra Al-Amriki. However, his identity is still not known. US Law Enforcement deduced that the man certainly has an American connection, but it is still uncertain if he is a US citizen or resident.

Syrian activists said that four vehicles were originally part of the attack, the American was driving the biggest vehicle, which contained 17 tons of explosives, including artillery shells.

The man gained a lot of attention with netizens and radical Islamists. One website, Hanein, had posted a photo of the American, who was called Abu Hurayra al-Amriki and beside it a caption that said he performed a martyrdom operation in Idlib, Jabal Al-Araba’een.

According to observers, it will not be so surprising to confirm that the man has a US citizenship. It is also not surprising to see western fighters, including Americans, joining Islamist militant groups such as al-Nusra and al-Qaeda.

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The Syrian capital of Aleppo is once again under siege as Syrian regime forces try to win back the capital against the Syrian opposition. Syrian warplanes have struck rebel positions near Aleppo’s military air base and other rebel held areas in the north Tuesday.

Rebels have been planning to take over Kweiras and its two military air bases but are faced with great adversity as the regime had gone on the offensive in the province and other areas to recapture rebel-held territories. Activists also reported that the government had targeted Atareb and Kfar Hamra in Aleppo province as troops clahsed with the rebels inside the provincial capital.

The Syrian violence had also spilled beyond the border of the country. Clashes between pro-Hezbollah gunmen and radical Sunni clerics in southern Lebanon had killed two people, according to officials. In the last few months, Lebanon had seen violence burst suddenly between the supporters and opponents of Assad.

Hezbollah openly joined the fight in Syria on Assad’s side and helped on the attack against Qusair just over the border in Syria earlier this month. Backed by Iran, the regime finally regained control of the city amidst a violent fight against the rebels

The Syrian civil war had caused casualties of over 93,000, including women and children.

If US President Barack Obama refuses to help arm Syria’s rebels, the Arab and European countries may fill in their position. The US considered its option to arm the rebels after watching the footage of Syrian regime force seize Qusair from the rebels in a bloody battle with great civilian casualties.

The re-invasion of Qusair by government forces is a sign that the military balance between Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and the rebels may be tipping. Lebanese Hezbollah fighters and Iran support Al-Assad’s regime. The UN also suspects that Al-Assad is using chemical weapons in the battle and evidence supporting this fact has increased.

The G8 summit will allow leaders of Britain, France, Russia and the US to talk about any decision regarding the arming of the rebels. Analysts see many consequences based on the US President Barack Obama’s decision. If the US choose otherwise, Saudi and Qatar might gain more profit and may give way to client militias with sponsorships from diferent countries, which might cause problems with a united rebel front.

Because Arab countries cannot afford to lose Syria, they will be the country most likely to fill the gap the US might leave.

The US is reconsidering not arming the rebels because Syrian Rebels have connections with al-Qaeda and some of the arms they provide can end up in terrorist hands.

Rebel fighters claim to have shot down a jet from the Syrian army in the last 24 hours. The rebels uploaded a video in the Internet, which shows a man named Abu Dargham who held two twisted chunks of metal and said that they aim to show the remains of the aircraft to other villages. The video also showed the complete tail of the aircraft, the fuselage broken into pieces and the kind of aircraft not identifiable.

Villagers were scavenging pieces of the aircraft in bags and a village tractor hauled away a presumed engine from the aircraft. Cheers were heard from the villagers who helped pull away the jet from the village.

Two other videos posted by the Syrian rebels showed what appears to be the plane’s pilots One showed rebels carrying a man unconscious wearing a military pilot uniform. Another showed a man who was being treated by medics who was moaning from pain from the injuries.

However, the authenticity of the videos posted cannot be verified due to the international journalism restrictions in the country.

In addition to their downing of a jet, the rebels claimed to have captured a Syrian Air Force installation, showing more than 300 anti-aircraft missiles, heavy machineguns, rockets and tanks in a separate video. They’ve also included an instructional video to help viewers operate the anti-aircraft launchers.

Latest reports by the opposition claims that at least 160 people were killed in the civil war. In Damascus, 96 were killed and two car bombings in Jaraman killed 77 people.